Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus Immunology: A Pilot Study
Walls A, Cubangbang M, Wang H, Raiji M, Knight J, Steehler M, Latimer E, Harley EH Jr.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.-2015
Patients diagnosed with PANDAS appear to maintain significantly different concentrations of cytokines when compared with patients afflicted by chronic group A beta hemolytic streptococcus infections and obstructive sleep apnea. As a result, one could potentially use the described characterization of immunologic markers as a basis for future mechanistic and epidemiological studies.