Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus Immunology: A Pilot Study

Walls A, Cubangbang M, Wang H, Raiji M, Knight J, Steehler M, Latimer E, Harley EH Jr. 
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.-2015

Patients diagnosed with PANDAS appear to maintain significantly different concentrations of cytokines when compared with patients afflicted by chronic group A beta hemolytic streptococcus infections and obstructive sleep apnea. As a result, one could potentially use the described characterization of immunologic markers as a basis for future mechanistic and epidemiological studies.

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