“Our case report highlights the importance of a thorough history, including inquiring about past infections and investigations to look for autoimmune and infectious etiologies, including ASO and positive DNAse B titers, in adult patients with new onset movement disorders and no other identifiable etiology and risk factors. Further research is mandatory to investigate the incidence of movement disorders in the adult population after a streptococcal infection and the diagnostic approach and treatment modalities needed to manage such patients.”
Risk of Major Mental Disorder after Severe Bacterial Infections in Children and Adolescents: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study
- 14,024 children and adolescents with hospitalized bacterial infection, and noninfected controls were 1:4 matched from a nationwide cohort between 1997 and 2012,
- 11 investigated pathogens, namely, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Hemophilus, Mycoplasma, Tuberculosis, Meningococcus, Escherichia, Chlamydia, and Scrub typhus.
- The primary outcomes were the subsequent risk of seven MMDs: 1- autism spectrum disorder (ASD), 2- attention-deficiency hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 3- obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), 4- tic disorder, -5 schizophrenia, 6- bipolar disorder, 7- depressive disorder.
- The secondary outcomes were the subsequent risk of exposure to psychotropic medications.