Anorexia nervosa and autoimmune comorbidities: A bidirectional route?

Sirufo MM, Magnanimi LM, Ginaldi L, De Martinis M. Anorexia nervosa and autoimmune comorbidities: A bidirectional route? CNS Neurosci Ther. 2022 Dec;28(12):1921-1929. doi: 10.1111/cns.13953. Epub 2022 Sep 16. PMID: 36114699; PMCID: PMC9627382.
In this review, in addition to reporting the numerous cases described in which autoimmune disorders are associated with anorexia or vice versa, we summarize the many aspects of this relationship between the immune system (IS) and AN. We describe how the microbiota affects the IS, disrupts gut-brain communication, and possibly triggers eating disorders. We also describe the shared immunological pathways of autoimmune and eating disorders and in particular the occurrence of disrupted T cell tolerance and autoantibodies in AN. The described observations represent the starting point for possible, future research directions.

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