Reader Response: Lack of Association of Group A Streptococcal Infections and Onset of Tics

Reader Response: Lack of Association of Group A Streptococcal Infections and Onset of Tics

“Schrag et al. reported that Group A streptococcal (GAS) exposure is unrelated to tics in children at risk for tic disorders.1 The critical limitations of this study are that only children with genetic risks for tics were studied and information about risk for autoimmunity, infection susceptibility, and antibiotics use are absent.1 The EMTICS home page states that many patients refused to participate when told that antibiotic use would be limited. This would introduce a negative selection bias against families who perceive themselves as high risk and patients procuring antibiotics outside the trial.2

In response to:

Schrag AE, Martino D, Wang H, Ambler G, Benaroya-Milstein N, Buttiglione M, Cardona F, Creti R, Efstratiou A, Hedderly T, Heyman I, Huyser C, Mir P, Morer A, Moll N, Müller NE, Müller-Vahl KR, Plessen KJ, Porcelli C, Rizzo R, Roessner V, Schwarz M, Tarnok Z, Walitza S, Dietrich A, Hoekstra PJ; European Multicentre Tics in Children Study (EMTICS). Lack of Association of Group A Streptococcal Infections and Onset of Tics: European Multicenter Tics in Children Study. Neurology. 2022 Mar 15;98(11):e1175-e1183. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000013298. Epub 2022 Feb 2. PMID: 35110379.
Novel Drug Significantly Reduces Tics in Tourette’s ― Without Side Effects

An investigational drug that blocks the dopamine-1 (D1) receptor reduces tics and is safe and well tolerated in children with Tourette syndrome (TS), a new study shows.

Importantly, unlike current medications for the disorder, ecocipam does not lead to weight gain, anxiety, depression, or tardive dyskinesia compared to placebo ― a factor that may lead to better adherence.

A case of Obsessive-compusive and related disorders against the background of Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS)
Madaan A, Das A, Das SK, Das RC. A case of Obsessive-compusive and related disorders against the background of Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated With Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS). Indian J Psychiatry. 2022 Mar;64(Suppl 3):S659. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.341932. Epub 2022 Mar 24. PMCID: PMC9129622.
Conclusion: In all school-age children presenting with obsessive compulsive and related disorder with other symptoms or not, a possible link to PANDAS should be evaluated and ruled out.
Case Report – Pedijatrijsko autoimuno neuropsihijatrijsko oboljenje udruženo sa streptokokom

Pedijatrijsko autoimuno neuropsihijatrijsko oboljenje udruženo sa streptokokom

Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection


Jasmina Škorić1, Bojan Pavković1.
1 Dom zdravlja Dr Simo Milošević’, Beograd, Srbija

http://prevped.preventivnapedijatrija.rs/index.php/casopis/article/download/41/24

Conclusion: The patient showed signs of improvement after the intravenous administration of immunoglobulin which confirmed the underlying immunological aspect of the disease. Additionally, serologic test results that showed elevated antistreptolysin O titer and antideoxyribonucleaseB titer indicated streptococcal etiology. Precisely, these misdirected antibodies set off an inflammatory response that led to the basal ganglia damage resulting in behavioral changes, motor, cognitive and emotional disorders.