Monthly Archives:
February 2024

Silent Infections are not So Silent: The Emerging Role of Combined Infections, Inflammation, and Vitamin Levels in OCD
Marazziti D, Massa L, Carbone MG, Palermo S, Arone A, D’Angelo G, Schulz Bizzozzero Crivelli N, Gurrieri R, Perrone P, Palagini L, Dell’Osso L. Silent Infections are not So Silent: The Emerging Role of Combined Infections, Inflammation, and Vitamin Levels in OCD. Clin Neuropsychiatry. 2024 Feb;21(1):7-21. doi: 10.36131/cnfioritieditore20240101. PMID: 38559435; PMCID: PMC10979795.


  • The findings of our study show an association between Epstein-Barr infection and hypovitaminosis D and the overall severity and specific symptom patterns of OCD.
  • The laboratory measures used in this study are useful, cheap and easy parameters that should be routinely assessed in patients with OCD.
  • Further studies are needed to clarify their role in OCD pathophysiology and outcomes, as well as the potential therapeutic impact of vitamins and antibiotics/immunomodulatory agents in OCD and other psychiatric conditions.
Postacute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 in Children

Suchitra Rao, MBBS, MSCS; Rachel S. Gross, MD, MS; Sindhu Mohandas, MD; Cheryl R. Stein, PhD; Abigail Case, MD; Benard Dreyer, MD; Nathan M. Pajor, MD; H. Timothy Bunnell, PhD; David Warburton, MD; Elizabeth Berg, MD; Jonathan B. Overdevest, MD; Mark Gorelik, MD; Joshua Milner, MD; Sejal Saxena, BA; Ravi Jhaveri, MD; John C. Wood, MD, PhD; Kyung E. Rhee, MD, MSc, MA; Rebecca Letts, BA; Christine Maughan, BS; Nick Guthe, BA; Leah Castro-Baucom, MA; Melissa S. Stockwell, MD, MPH. Postacute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 in Children. AAP Publications, Feb 7, 2024,

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching impacts on health, society, and the economy, with some individuals experiencing lingering effects beyond the acute phase.
  • Emerging data on post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC) in children, or long COVID, is shedding light on persistent symptoms, new manifestations, and exacerbation of underlying conditions.
  • Children may develop new conditions such as postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, autoimmune conditions, and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children.
  • The review summarizes current knowledge on PASC in children, including its children, prevalence, epidemiology, risk factors, clinical characteristics, underlying mechanisms, and functional outcomes. It presents a framework based on NIH-funded research to understand PASC’s effect on children and young adults to guide treatments and prevention efforts. This research uses electronic health records and longitudinal studies to evaluate disease impact, progression, and clinical outcomes.

Section on Mental Health

  • The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in multiple mental health conditions among children, including anxiety, stress, depression, panic, irritability, impulsivity, sleep problems, emotional lability, posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, and suicidal behavior.
    Research is needed to understand whether these conditions are directly related to the virus or influenced by pandemic-related factors like social distancing and school closures.
  • Large EHR cohort studies have shown a higher incidence of neurologic or psychiatric diagnoses in children in the 6 months after SARS-CoV-2 compared with those without confirmed infection.
  • A COVID-19 diagnosis is associated with experiencing a new mental health condition (within a median of 33 days after infection) compared with negative controls in children.
  • The common mental health issues seen in children post-COVID-19 infection are anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and trauma-related disorders. Additionally, there are reports of acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome in children following COVID-19 infection.
  • There have also been case reports of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome in children after SARS-CoV-2 infection.72,73